Mockingbirds - Habitat
Mockingbirds (mimus polyglottos) are non-migrating, year-round residents of all areas of the USA, Cuba, Mexico, the Antilles, the Galapagos, and the Bahamas. They usually inhabit gardens with winter berries available, grassy lawns, forest edges, and suburbs, but can be found in every kind of habitat from desert to city. Mockingbirds require open grassy areas for feeding, thick thorny shrubs for hiding the nest, and high perches to sing. The Mockingbird was adopted as the state bird of Texas, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Florida.
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Darwin's Mockingbirds ©
Robert L. Curry
Mockingbirds - Description
There are several species of Mockingbirds (Blue, Bahama, Tropical, Chilean, Galapagos, Charles, Hood, San Cristobal, Chalk-browed, Northern, and other Mockingbirds). The most widely spread is the Northern Mockingbird. Mockingbirds are medium-sized, slender birds with light gray above and pale below and with white wing patches and outer tail feathers. The wings are long and the tail is short. Mockingbirds have black legs and yellow eyes. The sexes cannot be distinguished by color.
Mockingbirds - Taxonomy
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- Class: Aves.
- Order: Passeriformes.
- Family: Mimidae.
- Genus: Mimus.
- Species: Mimus polyglottos.
Length: about 23 cm (9 inches).
Wing Span: 14 inches.
Weight: about 50 g.
Life Span: up to 8 years.
Mockingbirds - Diet
Mockingbirds are omnivorous. The major part of their diet consists of insects (beetles, ants, bees, wasps, butterflies, and grasshoppers), earthworms, crustaceans, and small lizards. Mockingbirds are also fond of fruits both wild and cultivated.
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